A prosthesis is an artificial device that replaces a missing body part. Technologies are constantly being developed to actively aid or restore movement to individuals suffering from muscular impairments or weakness, neurologic injury, or amputations.
There are a wide variety of prefabricated and custom-made prostheses. Due to modern advances in technology, prostheses are becoming lighter, stronger and more naturally functioning. Technological advances include the ‘energy storing foot’, the ‘microprocessor controlled knee’ and the ‘myo-electric’ (bionic) hand.
Much like a cochlear implant restores auditory function, a vestibular prosthesis restores balance function.
In Australia alone, 250,000 people are affected by bipolar disorder. Current treatments are highly variable for the severe and debilitating psychiatric condition and the specific genetic causes have remained largely obscure. Bipolar disorder is most commonly treated with lithium, but this is only effective for 30% of patients. Unlocking the genetic code of bipolar disorder and using pharmacogenomics studies to […]