NeuRA Magazine #22

Feature Story

SYDNEY BRAIN BANK – A WORLD CLASS FACILITY

The Sydney Brain Bank has been operating since 2005 and has collected brain tissue from over 500 donors. The Sydney Brain Bank at NeuRA facilitates world-class research and breakthroughs in ageing and neurodegenerative disorders. Globally the Sydney Brain Bank supplies tissue to 30-40 research projects a year, with many of these projects a collaborative effort with external research institutions.

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Led by Dr Claire Shepherd, recently appointed to position of Director of the Sydney Brain Bank, the team has developed a new method which will allow them to characterise one of the key pathologies underlying Alzheimer’s disease using a simpler, cost effective and less labour-intensive method without compromising on the quality and sensitivity of the diagnosis.

Says Dr Shepherd, “At the Sydney Brain Bank, we collect, characterise and store the brain tissue from individuals that have died from ageing or neurodegenerative disorders so that we can facilitate medical research.”
“This new method will be advantageous because post-mortem human brain research takes a lot of time and money to do well – we undertake a comprehensive screen of every brain we collect. Doing this more cost effectively will allow us to collect more cases and facilitate more research into ageing and neurodegenerative disorders,” says Dr Shepherd.

At the Sydney Brain Bank, working with a large number of clinical research programs means the majority of donors have been involved in longitudinal clinical research studies. This data allows researchers to understand the relationship between someone’s clinical symptoms in life and the pathology in their brains at death.

There is currently no definitive diagnosis for these disorders in life. The Sydney Brain Bank at NeuRA uses research diagnostic criteria to characterise the brain changes and identify the specific neurodegenerative disease they were suffering from.

During 2017, Dr Claire Shepherd travelled to the UK to visit several British Brain Banks and to work with their researchers to understand their processes and share ideas and techniques.

By working with international researchers, NeuRA aims to strengthen and harness a more collaborative global approach between the various Brain Banks and to help address many research questions – working together is a more powerful way to go.
The Sydney Brain Bank is funded by NeuRA and our generous donors and receives no government support.

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FEEL THE BUZZ IN THE AIR? US TOO.

Ten siblings. One third live (or have passed away) with dementia.

The scourge of dementia runs deep in Lorna Clement's family. Of the eleven children her dear parents raised, four live (or have passed away) with complications of the disease. Her mother also died of Alzheimer's disease, bringing the family total to five. This is the mystery of dementia - One family, with two very different ageing outcomes. You will have read that lifestyle is an important factor in reducing the risk of dementia. We also know diet is a key factor, and an aspect that Dr Ruth Peter's is exploring at NeuRA. Along with leading teams delivering high profile evidence synthesis work in the area of dementia risk reduction, Dr Peters has a particular interest in hypertension (that is, high blood pressure) and in the treatment of hypertension in older adults. “We have known for a while that treating high blood pressure reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke, but it is becoming clearer that controlling blood pressure may also help to reduce the risk of cognitive decline and dementia. Now we need to know what the best blood pressure is to protect brain health.” You are invited to read more about Lorna's story and Dr Peter's work, by clicking 'Read the full story' below. Please support dementia research at NeuRA Will you consider a gift today to help Dr Peter's unlock the secrets of healthy ageing and reduce the risk of dementia? Research into ageing and dementia at NeuRA will arm doctors and other medical professionals with the tools they need to help prevent dementia in our communities. Thank you for your support.
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