NeuRA Magazine #32

WHAT’S IN THIS ISSUE

The Autumn 2020 issue of the NeuRA Magazine (#32) highlights the story of Daune Coogan. Daune first enlisted the help of NeuRA’s leading pain researcher, Associate Professor Sylvia Gustin, after she realised the unbearably excruciating pain she felt in her face was not going away.

Other stories include:

  • Tommy Little: From snow storms to spinal cords
  • New app helps older Australians stand tall
  • How chronic pain changes our personalities

To access the NeuRA magazine click the PDF below and download it to read on the screen at home or at work.

Enjoy and thanks for all your interest and support of our critical work here at NeuRA.

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FEEL THE BUZZ IN THE AIR? US TOO.

Cortical activity during balance tasks in ageing and clinical groups using functional near-infrared spectroscopy

Prof Stephen Lord, Dr Jasmine Menant Walking is not automatic and requires attention and brain processing to maintain balance and prevent falling over. Brain structure and function deteriorate with ageing and neurodegenerative disorders, in turn impacting both cognitive and motor functions.   This series of studies will investigate: How do age and/or disease- associated declines in cognitive functions affect balance control? How is this further impacted by psychological, physiological and medical factors (eg. fear, pain, medications)? How does the brain control these balance tasks?     Approach The experiments involve experimental paradigms that challenge cognitive functions of interest (eg.visuo-spatial working memory, inhibitory function). I use functional near-infrared spectroscopy to study activation in superficial cortical regions of interest (eg. prefrontal cortex, supplementary motor area…). The studies involve young and older people as well as clinical groups (eg.Parkinson’s disease).   Studies Cortical activity during stepping and gait adaptability tasks Effects of age, posture and task condition on cortical activity during reaction time tasks Influence of balance challenge and concern about falling on brain activity during walking Influence of lower limb pain/discomfort on brain activity during stepping   This research will greatly improve our understanding of the interactions between brain capacity, functions and balance control across ageing and diseases, psychological, physiological and medical factors, allows to identify targets for rehabilitation. It will also help identifying whether exercise-based interventions improve neural efficiency for enhanced balance control.
PROJECT