Fall risk factors in people with cognitive impairment (systematic review)

Falls are common in older people with dementia and there is still a lack of effective fall prevention interventions in this population. Understanding what factors contribute to falls in this group will allow for interventions to be designed to target these factors. We have conducted a comprehensive search of 5 databases and are undertaking a systematic review and meta-analysis of published literature prospectively examining risk factors for falls in community-dwelling older people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), cognitive impairment and dementia. The review will have a particular focus on physical and neuropsychological factors that are potentially amenable to treatment.